Maxillofacial reconstructive surgery is the name given to the type of treatment needed when reconstruction is needed to the facial region. This includes the underlying bone structures of the face and jaw, as well as all the soft tissues of the face. In many instances, it is necessary for maxillofacial surgeons to work alongside other qualified professionals in a multidisciplinary approach to your treatment. This could include ENT specialists, plastic surgeons, orthodontists, and even oncologists. Together they will form a treatment plan for your maxillofacial reconstructive surgery.
Maxillofacial reconstructive surgery is largely performed for functional reasons. However, there are undoubtedly cosmetic benefits to the surgeries that are performed, and this can embolden the psychological effect that the procedure has on the patient. May find that they are far more confident about their appearance – something which can then have positive influences on various areas of their life, from their personal relationships to their career.
There can be a variety of different reasons why a patient needs maxillofacial reconstructive surgery. Some of these reasons can be congenital defects, which means that the patient has had them from birth, while other health issues and damage to the teeth and face can occur later in life.
Common reasons for patients to undergo maxillofacial reconstructive surgery include:
- Jaw misalignment due to trauma or a birth defect
- Problems with the wisdom teeth, such as impaction
- Impacted regular teeth
- Problems with the temporomandibular joint (TMJ disorders)
- Complex dental extractions
- Treatment for cleft lip or palate
- Diseases of the salivary glands
- Cysts in the mouth and jaw
- Surgery is required to treat severe obstructive sleep apnea
- Cancer of the face, jaw, neck or mouth necessitates reconstructive treatment
- Severe trauma to the face, neck, mouth or jaw
Maxillofacial surgeons are very different from regular doctors and dentists in that they can utilize the specific training and experience that they will have had to ensure that patients achieve the very best outcome from their procedure. In addition to their basic qualifications, maxillofacial surgeons have completed an additional minimum of four years hospital-based oral and maxillofacial residency program. They are also required to undergo training in the use of general anesthetic, which is something routinely given to patients who require maxillofacial surgeries.
Many maxillofacial surgeons retain qualifications in both dental and medical surgery, although they may then decide to specialize in a particular area of the field, for example, birth defects such as cleft lip or palate.
For more information on maxillofacial reconstructive surgery, or to arrange your confidential consultation with our experienced and skilled surgical team, please get in touch by calling our Manhattan, NY office on (212) 606-2345 today!